“Two centuries on， despite huge and profound （深刻的） changes in human society， the name of Karl Marx is still respected all over the world and his theory （学说） still shines with the brilliant light of truth.”
This is what President Xi Jinping said at a meeting to mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of Karl Marx （1818-1883） on May 4 in Beijing. Xi reviewed Marx’s life and spoke highly of his contributions to human history， CGTN reported.
Marx was a German philosopher （哲学家）， economist， historian， journalist and revolutionary （革命家）. He is widely recognized as the greatest thinker of the past 1，000 years， the BBC noted.
But more importantly， Marx was the main founder of Communism （共产主义）， which is a theoretical system to set up a society in which all property （财富） and resources are shared equally. Everyone in this society should have equal social status （地位）， rights and freedoms.
Marx came up with this idea after seeing the poor living and working conditions of European workers in the 19th century. He spared no effort to change society， according to the Xinhua News Agency.
One example is his book The Communist Manifesto （《共产党宣言》）， published in 1848. It was about class struggle （阶级斗争）. It called for all workers to unite together and fight for their rights and freedoms.
In the future， Marxism will continue to lead the development of the CPC and China. While the world has come to a crossroads， China is unfazed （坚定的）. Marxism is key to China’s stability （稳定） and development， People’s Daily said.
1. Which of the following is NOT true about Karl Marx？
A. He was born 200 years ago.
B. He developed his own theories.
C. He is respected worldwide.
D. He was once a history teacher.
2. Why did Marx come up with Communism？
A. Because he wanted to be a great philosopher.
B. Because he needed to improve his social status.
C. Because he wanted to make society more fair.
D. Because he wanted to create his own scientific theory.
3. When was The Communist Manifesto published？
A. In 1818. B. In 1848. C. In 1867. D. In 1883.
4. What can we infer from the story？
A. Marx’s theories are still useful today.
B. Germany was a Communist country.
C. People lived a poor life in the 19th century.
D. The Communist Manifesto is a long book.
What do you usually do after school？ Most of you may have to finish homework. After that， some of you may take after-school classes， such as Xueersi to learn English or take math classes. Do you feel like there’s too much work to do？ Some of you may not have enough time to sleep. But there is some good news on the way that may cheer you up.
On March 5， during the first session （会议） of the 13th National People’s Congress （全国人民代表大会）， Premier Li Keqiang delivered this year’s Government Work Report. Education was one of the highlights.
“We will give attention to [solving] the problem of heavy extracurricular burdens （课外负担） on primary and secondary school students，” Li said during his speech.
Chinese parents often put a lot of effort and money into their children’s education. Many send their children to after-school classes. In 2016， China had about 180 million school-aged students， according to a report by the Chinese Society of Education. More than 137 million of them were taking part in extracurricular classes or off-campus （在校园外的） training.
To work out this problem， the Ministry of Education （MOE， 教育部） and three other ministries put out guidelines on Feb 26 that call for more action to be taken to reduce extracurricular burdens. Their targets are private training schools that create excess workloads （过度的作业量） and pressure for students.
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